Months after Gov. Maura Healey’s initial budget proposal showed a moderate increase to rural school aid, that line item has nearly tripled in the approved budget, in what area administrators say is a step in the right direction toward equitable education in rural districts.
Signed earlier this month by Healey, the final fiscal year 2024 budget includes hundreds of millions of dollars for education across the state, including increases of $9.5 million for rural school aid and $21.3 million for regional school transportation reimbursements. Other general increases to education include full funding of the Student Opportunity Act, increased Chapter 70 aid and early education grants, among others.
With those increases, the rural school aid line item now stands at $15 million — or an approximately 172% increase over fiscal year 2023’s $5.5 million appropriation — which local officials say is a good start toward reaching the Special Commission on Rural School Districts’ $60 million recommendation to offset increasing costs in the face of declining enrollment and lack of economic resources in rural areas.
“Our initial reaction is certainly gratitude,” said Mohawk Trail and Hawlemont regional school districts Superintendent Sheryl Stanton. “We’re excited there’s actually been movement in the budget process that acknowledges this is a more complex problem than, ‘Why don’t you regionalize or reduce costs?’”
In Northfield, Pioneer Valley Regional School District Director of Finance and Operations Jordan Burns said the increased funding is a potential opportunity to take some pressure off the districts’ member towns and add more professional development days to invest in the schools’ teaching staffs.
“We are pleasantly surprised. Throughout the budget planning process going from the House to the Senate, we saw the possibility for some of the increases, but you never want to count on it until it’s signed by the governor,” Burns said. “We’ve already started on the work of discussing what we’re going to do with this pleasant surprise.”
While welcome, Stanton added more aid is needed to ensure districts are able to provide an education on par with those in larger, wealthier communities in the eastern part of the state.
Echoing that sentiment is Huntington’s Gateway Regional School District Superintendent Kristen Smidy, who said the increased aid is “definitely a step in the right direction, but there’s still a lot of unknowns” when it comes to what districts will be eligible for the increased funding and how much they’ll receive.
“It concerns me that it’s not clear what communities are going to be receiving aid,” Smidy said. “Communities have qualified in and out over time.”
The Department of Elementary and Secondary Education typically distributes these payments in October, which is far past when districts approve their budgets in early March. Districts are eligible if student density is less than 35 students per square mile and if their per capita income is not more than the average per capita income for the state.
In fiscal year 2023, Mohawk Trail received $262,000, Gateway received nearly $301,000 and Pioneer received $175,000 in rural aid funding. The challenge, Stanton, Smidy and Burns all said, is rural aid is individually appropriated each year and, while it has increased over the last three fiscal years, there’s no guarantee it will continue to increase — or that it will be appropriated at all.